Benefits and problems of applying waste water sludge to land
The James Hutton Institute: "Raw sewage cannot be applied directly to the land. Otherwise any
pathogens present in the sewage may contaminate fruit, crops and grazing
animals. Sewage is therefore treated to remove any pathogens."
Waste water sludge is a useful source of nitrogen, phosphorus and
organic matter, and after further processing can be used as a liming
material. However, there are limits to what can be applied. For example
applications of waste water sludge should not exceed 250 kg nitrogen per
hectare per annum particularly within Nitrate Vulnerable Zones...read on.